Johannes Nider ( – ) was a German theologian and member of the Dominican order. His work Formicarius, published around , is an important. Johannes Nider’s Formicarius was a demonological treatise written during the Council of Basel in Switzerland. Nider’s treatise detailed the. Formicarius. Front Cover · Johannes Nider. Formicarius: Dialogus ad vitam christianam exemplo conditionum Formice Johannes Nider Full view -.
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The second book, dealing with revelations, was based on ants’ varied means of locomotion.
Probably the most famous one was written by French Inquisitor Bernard Gui around Valais witch trials —47 Val Camonica witch trialsNavarre witch trials Polula witch trials Lisbon witch trial Benandanti Fairy witch trials of Sicily Basque witch trials Roermond witch trial Spa witch trial Terrassa witch trials Werewolf witch trials Witch trial of Nogaredo —47 Salzburg witch trials —81 Northern Moravia witch trials Liechtenstein witch trials —82 Szeged witch trials —29 Doruchowo witch trial The Formicarius would have functioned as a kind of preacher’s manual, with stories tailor-made for use in sermons.
University of Pennsylvania Press, Please see link for more information: The idea that the magician was primarily female was also shocking to some. This particular copy of the Formicarius is located on the website of Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, the Bavarian State Library.
Medieval European History | Formicarius
The first book focuses on the deeds of good men and women and is organized around the occupations of ants. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For information about the antthrush genus, see Formicarius genus.
The Formicariuswritten by Johannes Nider during the Council of Basel and first printed inis the second book ever printed to discuss witchcraft the first book being Fortalitium Fidei . Nider was one of the first to transform the idea of sorcery to its more modern perception of witchcraft.
Pennsylvania State University Nuder. The teacher is a theologian who is clearly meant to be Nider himself, while the student is presented as a curious but lazy individual who is there primarily to prompt the theologian to recount contemporary stories related to the book’s hider themes. This page was last edited on nidfr Decemberat In each case, the student quickly becomes bored and asks for contemporary examples.
This association between women and witchcraft would come to characterize much of the witchcraft hysteria of early modern Europe. Unlike his successors, he did not emphasize the idea of the Witches’ Sabbath and was skeptical of the claim that witches could fly by night. Formicarius Dublin Core Title Formicarius. Nider presents reform and proper adherence to Dominican rites as the surest counter to witchcraft.
This article is about the book. Description This image is taken from a digitized version of the Formicarius, a text written by Johannes Nider in the 15th century 1. According to Bailey, Nider was much more focused on reform in general, which was opposed by demons, johanhes worked their opposition through subservient witches.
University of Pennsylvania Press,p.
Retrieved from ” https: Search Search using this query type: After the theologian would present these, the student asks clarifying questions that Nider used to dispel what he saw as common misconceptions.
The Formicarius consists of a number of books addressing various topics, including “good works and revelations,” “falsities and wicked acts,” and “the deeds of virtuous people.
This region is also where the book was most widely read. Witchcraft in Europe, There johannez other books written about witchcraft before this. The third book examines false visions and uses the variable sizes and kinds of ants. Nider, a Dominican reformer himself, intended the book to reach as wide an audience as possible through its use in popular sermons.
Nider explained that females were capable of such acts johajnes pointing out what he considered their inferior physical, mental and moral capacity. Martha Brossier Labourd witch-hunt of Aix-en-Provence possessions Loudun possessions Louviers possessions Affair of the Poisons Prior to the fifteenth century, magic was thought to be performed by educated males who performed intricate rituals.
A Documentary History, 2nd ed.
The Formicarius uses a teacher-pupil dialogue as its format. This article related to a book about religion is a stub.
Johannes Nider. Formicarius (The Ant Hill). Second edition, ca. 1484.
The fifth book, on witches, is structured around the colors of ants. With over 25 manuscript copies from fifteenth and early sixteenth century editions from the s tothe Formicarius is an important work for the study of the origins of the witch trials in Early Modern Europeas it sheds light on their earliest phase during the first half of the 15th century.
All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April All stub articles. Additionally, each of the twelve chapters of each book was based on one of sixty conditions of ants’ lives. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
The treatise is organized the various forms and conditions of the lives of ants.
Keyword Boolean Exact match Search only these record types: Log in to the Medieval European History Archives users only. In this johamnes of the Formicarius, Nider makes mention of the practice of witchcraft, dealings between witches and demons, gatherings of witches, and the association of magic with women 3. The Formicarius was written between andwhile Nider was part of the theological faculty at the University of Vienna.
Nider used the ant colony as a metaphor for a harmonious society.