The El Manzala region lies in the Dakhalia governorate and has been named after Lake Manzala. The Manzala town has bumpy and narrow streets and no. Introduction. Manzala Lake (Fig. 1) is the largest coastal lake in. Egypt which is a shallow brackish lake extending between the Damietta Nile River branch and. PDF | Lake Manzala is the biggest coastal lake in Egypt and the target of many different studies dated back probably to By screening the.

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Manzala Travel Guide

The Geological Evolution of the River Nile. The toxic metals content of the investigated sediments are listed in Table 2. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Springer, New York, pp: Finally, inorganic arsenic can damage DNA.

The world of organotin chemicals: Nausea, vomiting and pake have been reported after ingesting tinned food containing ppm of tin while un-lacquered tin cans with food, fruits and vegetables can contain high concentrations of tin A major part mnazala the city was built on Lake Manzala. Index of geoaccumulation in sediments of the Rhine river.

The highest values for arsenic selenium and tin are extended toward the industrial area in Port Said Governorate. Gene-environment interactions in heavy metal and pesticide carcinogenesis. Comparing with the agency for toxic substances and disease registry, which setup the sediment quality guidelines in the form of level of probable effects, the studied sediments seem to be polluted at high levels.


Lake Manzala

An independent manzalx peristaltic pump was used for pumping the sample. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Tin alloys are used in welder for gathering metallic pipes and dental amalgams. An ecological risk index for aquatic pollution control. Previously, Egypt’s government drained large portions of the lake and tried to convert it into farmland to get the best of the rich Nile deposits.

Concentrations of selenium tend to be very high in aquatic organisms in many areas. It cannot be get rid of the moment that it has step inside the environment, so the amounts manzaal drained can spread and cause health effects to humans and animals on many locations around studied Lake.

Tin, Tin Alloys and Tin Compounds.

This is due to accumulation of arsenic in the lzke of phytoplankton-feeding freshwater organisms. Tin is used in coating of plated steel containers which is used for food conservation. The values of enrichment factors manzlaa arsenic, selenium and tin detected that the pollution type sidetracked with anthropogenic sources, while the minimum manzzla undetected value was observed for selenium in 16 stations in the Western area of the lake.

In Egypt antimony sulfide Sb 2 S 3 which occurs naturally as the mineral stibnite is used in black form as a pigment and in mascara user.

Said Pasha established Port Said in to serve as a working camp for workers constructing the Suez Canal.


The accumulation of organic tin compounds exposure lay in the top layer of the water. Arsenic concentration in food is low, but it may be high in fish and seafood due to absorbing arsenic from the water they live in. The EF is computed using the following relationship:. It has a depth ranging between 20 and cm, it is covered with silty clay and sandy silty clay 1. Generally, manzzala lake turned into a sewage reservoir due to the dumping of sewage where, especially in nanzala regions of Hadous and Bahr El-Baqar.

This ancient city is also mentioned in the Holy Bible and many Jews settled here in the sixth century B. Texture, chemistry and mineralogy of lake Manzala sediments, Egypt. Toxicological profile for arsenic.

Lake Manzala |

Join Our Community Call Us: Water Resources and Environmental History. The fish that comprise considerable levels of inorganic arsenic possibly jeopardy to human health. Humans need to a little amounts of selenium every day, mamzala generally include suitable contents enough to prevent disease caused by shortages.

Slow poisoning in Bangladesh. The Nile delta was formed during the Holocene period 23 discussed the evolutionary history of the Nile river and its valley and delta. Its bed is largely made up of soft clay.