LMTD AND NTU METHODS PDF

E-NTU Method (Effectiveness – N TU method). Note, in most heat exchanger design problems, we don’t. know the fluid outlet temperatures, ie. Tiour or Tribut. TA. Summary of lmtd and e ntu. The Log Mean Temperature Difference Method ( LMTD) The Logarithmic Mean Temperature Difference(LMTD) is. Q: What is the real difference between the LMTD (logarithmic mean temperature difference) and NTU (number of transfer units) methods for analyzing heat.

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The equation to calculate the heat transfer rate is given by:. The maximum possible heat transfer rate is achieved if the fluid with the minimum value of HCR experiences the maximum dT across the heat exchanger. The thermal capacity UA required to achieve the ltd transfer rate is determined by re-arranging the NTU equation after determining the value of NTU for the particular mtehods exchanger configuration.

The thermal capacity of the heat exchanger will match the thermal capacity required by the process conditions temperatures and flow rates if it has sufficient heat transfer area to do so. As with any engineering problem, there are various ways to approach a solution when sizing and selecting a heat exchanger or analyzing its thermal performance.

Evaluating both methoda hydraulic and thermal conditions of a system can be a daunting task for any engineer and is often divided into different groups who specialize in a specific field.

NTU method – Wikipedia

Temperature Effectiveness P The Temperature Effectiveness P is the ratio of the tube side temperature change to the maximum temperature difference across the heat exchanger. Views Read Edit View history. Analogies are often made between concepts in many engineering znd. Corrective action would require the purchase and installation of a properly sized heat exchanger, causing additional downtime for installation.

Configuration Correction Factor CF The Configuration Correction Factor CF accounts for the deviation of the internal flow pattern of the actual heat exchanger from that of a single pass counter current flow pattern.

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If the selected heat exchanger is undersized, the design heat transfer conditions will not be achieved. Lavine Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer ,6th edition, pp — Some manufacturers provide a CF data table for their heat exchanger while others determine CF using a standard graph from the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association TEMA for the actual heat exchanger configuration.

The division often results in misunderstanding, miscommunication, and mistakes when integrating the work of the various groups.

From Mtu, the free encyclopedia. The greater the value of NTU, the larger the heat lmd surface area A required to meet the process conditions. Fundamentals of Momentum, Heat and Mass Transfer. Each HCRR curve flattens to a maximum value of Effectiveness as was the case for the pure single pass parallel flow heat exchanger. The Temperature Effectiveness P is the ratio of the tube side temperature change to the maximum temperature difference across the heat exchanger.

Created by Jeff Sineslast modified adn Jun 29, Hence in this special case the heat exchanger behavior is independent of the flow arrangement. Summary Piping systems are built to transport fluid to do work, transfer heat, and make a product.

Therefore the effectiveness is given by: Therefore the effectiveness is given by:.

Similar to the LMTD method, the heat exchanger will operate at this thermal capacity as long as it has sufficient heat transfer area at these operating conditions, taking into account the fouling factor. The relationship between these three parameters depends on the type of heat exchanger and the internal flow pattern.

Pages … Engineered Software, Inc. It is a mefhods of the heat exchanger design and the fluid properties on both sides. The Effectiveness-NTU method takes a different approach to solving heat exchange analysis by using three dimensionless parameters: For this configuration, the Maximum Effectiveness for a given HCRR curve is greater than that for a pure single pass parallel flow configuration.

Equations for NTU vary by heat exchanger configuration, but the mathematical relationship for some types of heat exchangers is not readily available or easily derived.

These relationships metjods differentiated from one another depending on the type of the flow counter-current, concurrent, or cross flowthe number of passes in shell and tube exchangers and whether a flow stream is mixed or unmixed. Wiley, New York F. After calculating P and R, CF is then determined methocs using the location of the P value on the appropriate R curve.

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To define the effectiveness of a heat exchanger we need to find the maximum possible heat transfer that can be hypothetically achieved in a counter-flow heat exchanger of infinite length. Similar effectiveness relationships can be derived for concentric tube heat exchangers and shell and mthods heat exchangers. The other fluid would change temperature more quickly along the heat exchanger length.

NTU method

A properly sized heat exchanger must have some excess lmfd to account for fouling that metgods occur during operation but significant oversizing results in higher capital and unnecessary installation costs for thermal capacity. The Configuration Correction Factor CF accounts for the deviation of the internal flow pattern of the actual heat exchanger from that of a single pass counter current flow pattern.

For example, for a pure single pass counter current flow heat exchanger:. The HCR of a fluid is a measure of its ability to release or absorb heat. The required thermal capacity UA needed to achieve the heat transfer rate established by the temperatures and flow rates is calculated from the Heat Transfer Rate and the Corrected Mean Temperature Difference.

The method, at this point, is concerned only with the fluid undergoing the maximum temperature change. This page was last edited on 17 Octoberat Similarly, a heat exchanger is sized nth selected to meet the thermal requirements of the system, which abd the design heat transfer rate at a true mean temperature difference across the heat exchanger.